Civilians are Protected Under GC IV 1949: The Illegality of Russian Filtration Camps under IHL

Author: Natia Kalandarishvili-Mueller
Published: 30.11.2022
This piece examines the illegality of Russian filtration camps considering International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Filtration camps are set up by Russia for Ukrainian civilians implicated in Russia’s war against Ukraine. The illegality of such camps is to be presumed in IHL rules on civilian internment contained in Geneva Convention IV 1949 (GC IV). While IHL does not contain the term filtration, this does not signify that IHL allows the setting up and existence of such camps. Although IHL permits civilian internment in times of an International Armed Conflict (IAC), it does so under very specific and protective rules set out…