Is There a Legal Duty to Cooperate in Implementing Western Sanctions on Russia?

Author: Rana Moustafa Essawy
Published: 25.04.2022
Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the United States, Europe and other allies imposed sanctions on Russia for violating the prohibition against the use of force, a peremptory norm owed to the international community as a whole. While the ability of these sanctions per se to put a swift end to Russia’s invasion has been doubted (see here, here and here), recently, several states have arguably taken actions that undermine any impact the sanctions may have. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been in the forefront of the news for refusing President Biden’s plea to increase oil production…